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Updated Part 2: Chualar Barley Pattern's Mysterious
Braille 192 and Morse Code
Pattern Was Ordered Plowed Under On Dec. 31st by
Unidentified Agent Known to Echelon Security.

© 2014 by Linda Moulton Howe


Chualar (CHOO-ah-lahr), California, is 11 miles southeast of Salinas. Chualar Canyon Road
runs southwest to northeast through Chualar. The barley pattern was oriented southeast
to northwest in the field with a telephone pole at the southern center of the pattern.

36 degrees 35' 03" N 121 degrees 28'23" W
250 feet in diameter.

Retired Navy Captain Mark Wood has analyzed Google Earth
images of the Chualar, California, field and concludes the diameter
of the December 28, 2013, pattern in the 2 to 3 foot barley is 250 feet.
The difficulty in estimates by people on the ground is that the
land within the large rectangular frame sinks down like a shallow bowl.
From the telephone pole on the south (far right above aerial),
only the southern parts of the pattern could be seen.
Aerial © by 111th Aerial Photography & Video.

Tractor plowed under the barley pattern on afternoon of
December 31, 2013, under orders of unidentified agent known to Echelon Security.
Video image by Channel 8 KSBW-TV, Monterey, California.


Return to Part 1.

Updated January 3, 2014 Chualar, California - On Tuesday morning, December 31, 2013, California resident Jeff Krause had emailed me that he was headed for the Chualar pattern and gave me his cell phone to call. When I reached him, he was at the telephone pole area on the south (far right in aerial photo below) where an Echelon Security guard would not let Jeff into the pattern. However, the security guard agreed to take Jeff's magnetometer into the circle at the bottom of the aerial photo, which was due west.

The telephone pole is at the far right in above aerial, which is south. The single circle
on the ring at the bottom of this aerial is pointing west. The other two circles on the
ring are pointing northeast. Aerials above and below © December 30, 2013
by Julie Belanger of 111th Aerial Photography & Video.


Jeff Krause, 53, professional musician and crop formation researcher, San Luis Obispo, California: “I arrived at the site near 7:15 AM Pacific on December 31, 2013. When I got there, four security trucks were parked on the road outside the circle to keep people from going in. They were very adamant about not letting anybody on the field property.

But I did approach the security guard at the telephone pole and asked for permission to investigate and photograph. He let me stand in that dirt section that makes a notch in the south side of the field nearest the pattern. The barley was about two to three feet high and I asked him what kind of grass was in the field. He didn't know, but to my eye it looked like basic field grass. [ By January 3, 2014, the property owners, Scott and Debbie Anthony had confirmed the crop is barley.] The guard wouldn't let me go into the pattern, but he was nice enough to let me go through the barbed wire fence and get right to the edge of the field near the south side of the pattern.

What I could see from where I was right there at the south edge of the field were the straight lines of the big rectangle going across in front of me and the sides going due north. The ring around the big rectangle looked to be about 4-feet wide (leading to calculation of about 152 feet diameter ring).


Updated Diameter of Chualar Barley Pattern

Retired U. S. Navy Captain Mark Wood used Google Earth and aerial photographs of the barley pattern on January 4, 2014, to refine the barley pattern's diameter, including the 3 circles on the ring, and found it was 250 feet in diameter. The whole barley field measures 400 feet south to north and 1050 feet from east to west.

Pattern in barley field analyzed in aerial image and Google Earth by retired Navy Captain
Mark Wood, who determined the pattern diameter was 250 feet in the 400-foot-deep field.


Jeff Krause: “I could follow those straight sides headed north to about the point they each turned inward 90 degrees, but I could not see all the pattern beyond there or in the middle because the field went down in the center.

I want to add that those rectangular lines were incredibly straight and very precise. The barley was laid down right along the edge and right next to those – like someone had used a square tool – other barley was standing perfectly straight right next to the downed crop. It was such a sharp angle, it was like someone had taken a cookie cutter and pressed down on it. The delineations where the ring of flattened barley is versus the standing barley were phenomenal. I climbed up on my truck outside the barbed wire fence to get some angled shots down on to the field, but I couldn't see the Braille center section at all. You would have to be up much higher looking down on it to see the whole pattern.


Images by Jeff Krause Early Morning December 31, 2013,
Barley Pattern in Chualar, California

The security guard agreed to take my iPad out into the western lone circle on the ring and got magnetometer readings for me. The magnetometer that I used was an app on my iPad, and it measures in gauss cgs units. The measurements were taken by holding my iPad just above each sampling point in that western circle. I believe the calibration of the app to be accurate as I have tested it previously on different devices, and situations. Outside the formation around the telephone pole area, the reading was very low around 43 gauss cgs units. But inside the western circle, the needle jumped up to 58 gauss cgs units.

[ Editor's Note: Magnetometer, an instrument for measuring the strength and sometimes the direction of a magnetic field. An important use of magnetometers is in measuring the earth's magnetic field. By detecting irregularities in the earth's magnetic field, a magnetometer can indicate the location of deposits of magnetic ore, such as iron ore, or of geological formations associated with petroleum. ]



He told me he thought the whole event was ‘menacing,’ more than anything. He even said that he thought it was ‘a warning.’ I told him I wondered if it was an invitation?

My Spanish-speaking colleague, David Mendez, and I talked to some of the neighbors around the field and learned that dogs were barking through Friday night before the pattern was first learned about on Saturday morning, December 28th. That's when people in vans showed up with ropes to measure it (related to Echelon Security hired by unknown agency discussed in Part 1.) We couldn't find anyone who had seen lights in the sky even though there was that YouTube video of those two guys videotaping a few flashes of green and white lights in the field - but was that real or not?

[ See: "Chualar Farm Crop Circles," January 1, 2014, YouTube.]


Translating Chualar Pattern's Braille

Translation by retired geneticist Horace Drew, Sydney, Australia, December 30, 2013.

Translation by Braille transcriber of Chualar, California,
grass pattern's center code for Channel 8 KSBW-TV,
Monterey, California, December 31, 2013.

Reporter Michelle Imperato, Channel 8 KSBW-TV, Monterey, California, on December 31, 2013: “We have had a couple of Braille experts weigh in ... one is Deborah Falanga. She is from New Jersey and is certified by the Library of Congress as a Braille transcriber. She tells us that if you look at this correctly, it is textbook perfect Braille. (correct orientation for Braille translation is with the north end of the pattern up and the southern telephone pole end down, which is towards Chualar Canyon Road.

The Braille is in three rows is inside the innermost rectangle. Starting with the first row, the backward L is a 'number indicator,' meaning that everything to follow is a number. So the first dot is the Braille number 1 followed by two angled dots for the number 9 and two vertical dots for the number 2. Then there is a second number indicator followed by another set of 192.

On the second row, we start out with the Braille symbol for the letter B (2 vertical dots), followed by another number indicator and a third set of 192. That is followed by a number indicator again followed by the number 1.

Then the third row appears to be identical to the top row. Now, what this all means, nobody can say. We at KSBW are speculating that the B in the second row indicates Braille.”

Given the repetition of 192 in the Braille, KSBW also looked at the pattern as a clock face where the western circle to the left is in the 9 o'clock position and the other two circles to the northeast are in the 1 and 2 o'clock positions - another variation of the repeating 192 in the Braille.

Looking at grass pattern from south to north as a clock face, so that the lone
circle straight west is in the 9 o'clock position and the two other circles to the northeast
are in the 1 and 2 o'clock positions, another variation of the repeating 192 in the Braille.
Also see KSBW-TV news report, December 31, 2013.


192 Might Be?

192 is an even number.

192 is the sum of ten consecutive primes (5 + 7 + 11 + 13 + 17 + 19 + 23 + 29 + 31 + 37).

192 is a composite number, having as its factors 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 3. Based on this factorization it may also be seen to be a regular number (its only prime factors are 2 and 3).

Iridium-192 (symbol 192Ir) is a radioactive isotope of iridium, with a half-life of 73.83 days. It decays by emitting beta (β) particles and gamma (γ) radiation. About 96% of 192Ir decays occur via emission of β and γ radiation, leading to 192Pt. Some of the β particles are captured by other 192Ir nuclei, which are then converted to 192Os. Electron capture is responsible for the remaining 4% of 192Ir decays.

Iridium-192 unlike more stable isotopes iridium-191 and iridium-193, does not occur in nature.

Iridium-192 is also a strong gamma ray emitter. Iridium-192 is commonly used as a gamma ray source in industrial radiography to locate flaws in metal components.

Iridium-192 has accounted for the majority of cases tracked by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in which radioactive materials have gone missing in quantities large enough to make a dirty bomb.

192.168 is the starting IP Address of a private network, a network that uses private IP address space, following the standards set by RFC 1918 and RFC 4193.

— AES-192 is one of the Advanced Encryption Standards in cryptography.


Morse Code Also in Chualar Pattern?

Australian retired geneticist Horace Drew also thinks there might be an “inner message in Morse code” in the pattern where he has noted possible letters extracted from the squares and rectangles surrounding the central Braille.


Return to Part 1.

Continued in Part 3- More about ring circles, Braille 192 and Morse Code.

If any Earthfiles viewer knows more about this strange, intricate pattern in the Chualar, California, barley field, its Braille of repeating 192, and Morse Code, please email: All requests for confidentiality are honored.

More Information:

For further information about the worldwide sand, grass and crop circle phenomenon, please see reports below and dozens more in the Earthfiles Archive by finding and clicking on Archive date and title.

• 01/03/2014 — Updated Part 1: Chualar, California, 250-Foot-Diameter Barley Pattern “Real,” Say Field Researchers.
• 12/23/2013 — What Are These Mysterious Patterns?
• 07/27/2013 — Part 2: Beyond Ridgeway 9 Rings - Diatonic Scale in Crop Formations
• 07/26/2013 — Part 1: The Ridgeway Overton 9 Rings - Diatonic Scale and Einsteinian Physics
• 05/31/2013 — First 2013 Crop Pattern: Gray, Tennessee.
• 12/07/2012 — Astronomer Carl Sagan's Letter to U.K.'s MoD About Crop Circles
• 11/07/2012 — Crop Circle Schematic of Photon Wave-Particle Duality?
• 10/30/2012 — Part 2: High Strangeness in 43-Circle-Corn Pattern Near Ancient Mounds of Chillicothe, Ohio
• 10/29/2012 — Updated Part 1: High Strangeness in 43-Circle-Corn Pattern Near Ancient Mounds of Chillicothe, Ohio
• 10/02/2012 — Crop Circle in Tlapanaloya, Tequixquiac, Mexico
• 08/31/2012 — Two 2012 U. K. Crop Formations of High Strangeness
• 05/27/2012 — Updated: Latest Italian Crop Formation - A Saros Eclipse Cycle?
• 09/30/2011 — Part 2: Interviews with Scientists Studying Mysterious, Ancient Stone Circles in Middle East Visible Only from Air
• 09/16/2011 — Part 1: Mysterious, Ancient Stone Circles in Middle East Visible Only from Air
• 08/09/2011 — What A Biophysicist Says About Crop Formations
• 07/06/2011 — Another Pi Crop Pattern in England?
• 06/28/2011 — ASCII Code in Italian Crop Formation
• 05/17/2011 — Reprint Part 2: Yatesbury, England and Madisonville, Tennessee - A Mayan Link?

Dozens more Earthfiles reports about worldwide crop formations in the Earthfiles Archive.


Echelon Security:

"Chualar crop circle: A phenomenon cut short," by Phillip Molnar, December 31, 2013, © 2013 by Monterey County Herald:

"Update: Chualar crop circle to be mowed down, guards say," by Phillip Molnar, December 31, 2013, © 2013 by Monterey County Herald:

Binary Code:

Alexander Light Binary Analysis:

Crop Circles Research Foundation:

U. K. Cropcircle Connector:

Independent Crop Circle Research Assoc. (ICCRA):

English Crop Circles, Current and Archived:

Silent Circle 2012 Crop Circle Reports:

Lucy Pringle:

Andreas Mueller, Germany:  (

American Crop Circles, ICCRA:

“Isaac” and CARET Document:

Canadian Crop Circles, CCCRN:

Dutch Crop Circles, DCCA:

Italian Crop Circles:

Poland Crop Circles:

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