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May 27, 2016 San Diego, California - Operation PAPERCLIP was the American Office of Strategic Services (OSS) program in which more than 1,500 German scientists, engineers and technicians were brought to the United States from Nazi Germany and other countries after World War II ended. White Sands Proving Ground in southern New Mexico was an assignment for many of them because the United States wanted a rocket program like Germany's, even if it meant dealing with non-humans. The United States also wanted to have those valuable German minds in America and not going to the Soviet Union or other perceived competitors.
The Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency, known as the JIOA, began signing up German scientists and transporting them to the United States after the Allied victory in Europe was declared on May 8, 1945. But President Harry Truman did not formally execute Operation PAPERCLIP orders until August that year. In his orders, President Truman excluded anyone found “to have been a member of the Nazi Party” and its associations, but that rule would have excluded the brilliant rocket scientists Wernher von Braun, Kurt Debus and Arthur Rudolph. So in spite of Truman's order, the JIOA created false employment and political biographies for those scientists in order to get rid of their Nazi backgrounds.
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